BGP Attributes Categories | GPON Solution

BGP Attributes Categories

BGP Attributes Categories

BGP Attributes Categories are 1) WELL-KNOWN, MANDATORY , 2) WELL-KNOWN, DISCRETIONARY, 3) OPTIONAL, TRANSITIVE, 4) OPTIONAL, NON-TRANSITIVE. details are:

BGP Attributes Categories

BGP Attributes Categories

WELL-KNOWN, MANDATORY

AS-path: A list of the Autonomous Systems (AS) numbers that a route passes through to reach the destination. As the update passes through an AS the AS number is inserted at the beginning of the list. The AS-path attribute has a reverse-order list of AS passed through to get to the destination.

Next-hop: The next-hop address that is used to reach the destination.

Origin: Indicates how BGP learned a particular route. There are three possible types — IGP (route is internal to the AS), EGP (learned via EBGP), or Incomplete (origin unknown or learned in a different way).

WELL-KNOWN, DISCRETIONARY

Local Preference: Defines the preferred exit point from the local AS for a specific route.

Atomic Aggregate: Set if a router advertises an aggregate causes path attribute information to be lost.

OPTIONAL, TRANSITIVE

Aggregator: Specifies the router ID and AS of the router that originated an aggregate prefix. Used in conjunction with the atomic aggregate attribute.

Community: Used to group routes that share common properties so that policies can be applied at the group level.

OPTIONAL, NON-TRANSITIVE

Multi-exit-discriminator (MED): Indicates the preferred path into an AS to external neighbors when multiple paths exist.

A list of path attributes is contained in BGP update messages. The attribute is variable length and consists of three fields:

  • ¬†Attribute type consisting of a 1-byte attribute flags field and a 1-byte attribute code field,
  • Attribute length field that is 1 or 2 bytes,and a variable length attribute value field.

The attribute type codes used by Cisco are:

Type Code byte value (as decimal) Attribute Name Category
1 ORIGIN Well-known mandatory
2 AS_PATH Well-known mandatory
3 NEXT_HOP Well-known mandatory
4 MULTI_EXIT_DISC (MED) Optional non-transitive
5 LOCAL_PREF Well-known discretionary
6 ATOMIC_AGGREGATE Well-known discretionary
7 AGGREGATOR Optional transitive
8 COMMUNITY Optional transitive
9 ORIGINATOR_ID Optional non-transitive
10 Cluster List Optional non-transitive
11 DPA Designation Point Attribute
12 Advertiser BGP/IDRP Route Server
13 RCID_PATH/CLUSTER_ID BGP/IDRP Route Server
14 Multiprotocol Reachable NLRI Optional non-transitive
15 Multiprotocol Unreachable NLRI Optional non-transitive
16 Extended communities
256 Reserved for future development
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BGP Attributes Categories was last modified: October 22nd, 2015 by Shahed

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